Temporary contraction of the smooth muscles of the stomach, which provokes dull pain, it's called a stomach spasm. Pain can last from several minutes to several hours or even days. Because today it is difficult to identify the true causes of stomach cramps, respectively, doctors difficult prescribe both treatment and prevention.
Causes of stomach cramps
Gastric spasms are interesting, because in functional disorders of the gastric mucosa there are no violations of the stomach or its walls. Mostly gastric spasms are subject to adults people, because the violation of the gastrointestinal tract occurs as a result of stress or metabolic disorders.
What are the stomach cramps?
There are two types of stomach spasms:
Mainly In the adult population appear organic stomach cramps. This occurs in most cases on the basis of existing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. They are related to lesions of the stomach of an organic nature, as a result of which various kinds of disorders are formed.
Functional spasms occur as a result of disorders of the nervous system or metabolism, and they are more susceptible to young people.
In this case, the cause is difficult to establish, but the occurrence of functional stomach cramps can affect the use of drugs, allergies to food, etc. D.
Dull cutting pain in the abdomen acts as symptoms of stomach spasms. It is accompanied by unpleasant feelings and discomfort.
Nausea or vomiting may occur. Since gastric spasm is characterized by a contraction of smooth muscles, the patient can be difficult to straighten.
How to treat gastric spasms
Despite the fact that the causes of the disease to identify it is quite difficult, many doctors have created a certain approach to the treatment of stomach cramps. All activities are aimed at making the patient's condition as easy as possible.
The patient, who turned to gastric spasm, undergoes a thorough diagnosis in order to identify the cause of the disease. To relieve pain, antispasmodic drugs can be prescribed, which relieve, as well as reduce pain. These include tablets shpy or spazmalgon.
If during diagnosis of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease has been identified, then the patient can be assigned a comprehensive approach to treatment.
For the relief of pain patients must stick to a diet. It implies exceptions from the diet of the following products:
- rough food;
- freshly baked bread;
- fried or smoked dishes;
- sharp, salty, sour food;
- very hot or too cold dishes;
- the fats of animal origin;
- products containing caffeine such as tea, coffee, etc.
On average, it is necessary to maintain a diet for 3 months. Food should be taken in small portions 5-7 times a day. Before going to bed, it is useful to drink a glass of milk of a small fat content.
Sometimes for relief of gastric pain spasms can use traditional medicine.
In order to avoid problems with the gastric mucosa, it is best to give up Smoking, frequent and abundant consumption of alcoholic beverages, eat properly. By proper nutrition means the rejection of fatty and smoked food, as well as the minimum use of caffeine-containing beverages.