What is diabetes?


If you think you have a tendency to diabetes, the first thing to do is to learn all about the disease. Experts say that: diabetes – this is a chronic disease that develops in the human body in case of a violation of the ability to use glucose as an energy source. The disease develops when stored glucose remains in the bloodstream for a long time. After a while, a big the amount of glucose can cause damage to organs such as the eyes, kidneys, heart, and nervous system.

Once you have gained sufficient knowledge about the disease itself and its development, the next step is to obtain information about the existing types of the disease. To date, there are three types of this disease, namely type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Knowing what they are and how they differ from each other will help people who are prone to developing this type of disease, focus on how to take the disease under control.

Types of diabetes.

The Disease of this species, which is classified as belonging to type 1, also known as "juvenile" or "insulin-dependent", is considered the least common of the existing types of disease. Experts say that this is an autoimmune disease that incapacitates the immune system, serving shield from infection by damaging the pancreatic cells responsible for insulin secretion. Insulin is important for the absorption of carbohydrates from food.

The human Body, suffering from type 1 diabetes, is not able to produce insulin, as a result of which stored glucose can easily harm internal organs. People with this type of disease should regularly inject insulin into the body regularly, seven days a week. Basically, from this varieties of the disease affect children and young men, less often the disease can occur in older age, as well as as as a result of any severe illness.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes – sudden severe thirst, frequent urination, unexplained severe weight loss.

A Disease that is classified as type 2 is also known as "insulin-independent" or "adult" diabetes. Type 2 differs from type 1 in that the patient's body is able to produce insulin, but in insufficient quantities. This is the most common type of this disease and it affects mainly people over 40 years. People who are prone to the development of this disease are usually overweight or obese, and also lead a sedentary lifestyle. Progressing type 2 can lead to serious complications affecting the heart, kidneys, eyes, and can also lead to loss of limbs.

Type 2 Symptoms are constant or sudden thirst, abundant and frequent urination, General weakness.

The Last type of disease is called "gestational diabetes" and develops during pregnancy. Usually this disease passes after childbirth, but this does not mean that it does not need to be kept under vigilant control, because it is likely that the disease will develop into a more serious form.

Read also: food for diabetes type 2

Related posts