Buying food, we are increasingly paying attention to the presence or absence of they GMO. To date, there is no clear opinion about their impact on the human body, the transgenics have both their adherents and opponents. We will try to understand what GMOs are and what effect they have on our body.
What is GMO?
GMOs are genetically modified organisms that have been altered by genetic engineering to accelerate evolution and guide it in the right direction. In other words, it is such an organism, in the DNA of which another alien gene is introduced, which by nature is not intended for it, to acquire new properties.
Their use is most common in agriculture, where new varieties of plants that are resistant to the environment are created and grown and, as a result, give high yields. In animal husbandry, this allows to grow more productive animals, which are characterized by accelerated growth. This helped to solve the problem of the food problem, which was acute in many countries.
Such products are divided into the following groups:
- Products of transgenic raw materials processing. These are: cottage cheese, syrups, crackers, tomato paste, condensed milk, soy milk, flour, starch, chips, cereals, carbonated drinks, wheat.
- Transgenic fruits and vegetables;
- GM-ingredients that are used as sweeteners, dyes and structuring. These mainly include corn and soy.
- Animal products. These are various canned food, sausages and semi-finished products (dumplings, pancakes, manta rays, chebureks, etc.)
The Process of gene production is currently established and automated in special laboratories.
GMO Production consists of the following steps:
- growing genes that are required;
- introduction of the grown gene into the DNA of the donor organism;
- transfer of DNA with a built-in gene to the required organism;
- the subsequent process of survival in the body;
- screening of those GMOs that failed to undergo the modification process.
This technology allows to significantly reduce the cost of growing products, increase their resilience and increase their competitiveness.
The Harms and benefits of GMOs
GMOs are currently considered to be potentially dangerous. No one can confidently claim that they are harmful. Research and experiments in this area have not been conducted, and therefore there is no evidence of their harmlessness. Therefore, among scientists there are two opposing camps. Some say that GMOs allow us to solve important humanitarian problems and transgenes do not bring any harm, because they are not embedded in human genes and, accordingly, can not affect the synthesis of proteins in our body. However, such a statement can not be unambiguously due to the lack of relevant research – this is rightly pointed out by scientists from another camp
Than same are dangerous GMO? Many scientists claim that they cause the following problems:
- reduce immunity;
- cause cancer;
- lead to mutations and infertility;
- cause death;
- allergic diseases appear;
- lead to resistance to antibiotics.
Harmful effects of GMOs were found in experiments on rats. The subjects were found to have destructive processes in the liver and a decrease in brain volume. It is also known that the fields on which grow GMO, treated with herbicides, including highly toxic element, killing all living things. This leads to a decrease in the insect population and disruption of the balance of nature.
It will take about fifty years to identify the effects of GMOs. Therefore, it is important to be careful in choosing food, so as not to harm health.
How to choose products
Buy or not goods with transgenes, each decides on their own. When shopping, remember that up to 45% of the products in our stores today contain GMOs. They are mainly part of sausages (up to 85%), semi-finished products (pancakes, dumplings, chebureks, etc.), confectionery, baby food, carbonated drinks, tea and coffee.
Products with GMOs are always cheaper and do not spoil for a long time – this applies mainly to bakery products, fruits and vegetables. They are also not interested in insects, they always have the same size, even when cutting do not change shape and do not let the juice. Even if manufacturers and sellers mark the goods with the appropriate inscription, it does not necessarily mean the absence of transgenes. To protect yourself, just cook your own home-cooked food instead of semi-finished products, and replace soda with compotes, kissels and natural herbal teas.