Vitamins after 50 years man need, as and in early life. The need for ascorbic acid in older people experience even more than young people. But many elderly people due to various reasons lack of vitamins. This is a limited nutritional and vitamin diet, and poor performance of enzyme systems, due to their wear, and hence the low absorption of nutrients from food. Its negative liver and gastrointestinal diseases and stress play a role in the acquisition of hypovitaminosis.
The Use of individual vitamins for the elderly
Most Often, elderly people lack ascorbic acid, which, along with some other antioxidants (E and A), serves as a protection against cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Ascorbic acid in the body protects the lungs, normalizes metabolism and improves immunity. Per day older people need about 100 mg of acid and it is better to get it from natural products such as citrus and sauerkraut.
The participation of vitamin C in the synthesis of collagen, necessary for the construction of connective tissue of cartilage and tendons, with which older people often have problems, is Invaluable.
Antioxidant Vitamins A and E help fight free radicals in the body, prevent heart and vascular disease, development of atherosclerosis and cataracts, slow down the aging of cells.
After 55 years, the work of the gastrointestinal tract also leaves much to be desired, so b vitamins (B2, B3, B6, B12 ) and PP are scarce. The lack of each of them leads to negative consequences for the body of an elderly person.
So, insufficient amount of vitamin B2 is bad for vision, leads to various skin diseases. With a deficit of nicotinic acid (B3) begin headaches, insomnia, in severe cases, dementia can develop.
Vitamins after 55 years must contain folic acid (B9) and cyanocobalamin (B12). Folic acid is involved in the synthesis of red blood cells and stimulates the activity of the brain.
The lack of this substance the body reacts to the state of depression and anxiety. A large amount of folic acid contains green vegetables (broccoli, spinach), oranges, red tomatoes.
Cyanocobalamin is absolutely essential for maintaining good memory at any age. However, the absorption of its intestinal tract with age is significantly reduced, which can lead to anemia and diseases of the nervous system. For improvement the process of assimilation of this vitamin should stimulate the formation of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, so it is useful to eat sour berries and Apple cider vinegar.
The Main sources of vitamin B12 are beef liver, seafood, yeast, carrots, radishes.
Vitamin D (calciferol) occupies a Very important place in the set of vitamins for the elderly over 50 and 60 years, and especially over 70 years. It performs a huge number of functions: regulates the composition of calcium and phosphorus in the body for the health of the bone system, helps prevent osteoporosis, plays a role in regulating blood pressure, keeps blood sugar balance, removes chronic fatigue syndrome. Calciferol deficiency increases the risk of increased pressure, decreased immunity, bone pain, muscle weakness.
Foods containing Vitamin D include fatty deep-sea fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines), shrimp, milk, cheese, cod liver. One of the most important ways to get calciferol is the synthesis of it in the skin under the influence of sunlight.
Some names vitamins for the elderly
Not everyone can afford to be in the sun often, and also to eat the necessary products. Therefore, there are special complexes for the elderly, able to meet the need for essential vitamins and minerals. You can use the following:
- Undevit-a complex containing everything necessary to improve the exchange processes and slowing down the aging process.
- Bions Senior – is a chewable tablet with lactic acid bacteria for the intestine and lutein and blueberries to improve vision
- Alphabet 50+ – improves the quality of life for people over 50 years. It helps in the treatment of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.