Vitamin B6: full description, application, functions, dosage, sources.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin b6 is a group of chemically related compounds that include pyridoxal and pyridoxamine found in animal foods, as well as pyridoxine found in plant foods.

In 6 vitamin takes part in the formation of porphyrins, histamine, serotonin, nicotinic acid, urea, is part of a large number of enzymes that are associated with the exchange of amino acids, it stimulates the antitoxic function of the liver, activates the process of acid formation by the glands of the gastric mucosa, and also participates in fat and protein metabolism.

Vitamin B6 is very important for the correct exchange of glutamic acid, increases the creatine content in the muscles, has a beneficial effect on the liver.

Daily requirement

The Adult need for vitamin B6 is 2-3 mg per day.

Substance it is not able to accumulate in the human body, so it is important to include daily in your diet foods rich in vitamin B6. Therapeutic fasting or modern diets very often lead to a lack of vitamin in the body. Therefore, if a person consciously limits himself in food, it is important to take special vitamin complexes with pyridoxine.

In medicine, vitamins "magnesium B6" are often prescribed when magnesium deficiency is detected in the body. This substance is necessary for proper functioning of cells, it also takes part in a large number of metabolic reactions – for example, in muscle contraction and regulation of transmission of nerve impulses. Vitamin B6 is involved in the regulation of metabolism of the nervous system and other metabolic processes. Vitamin B6 also improves the absorption of magnesium from the gastrointestinal tract and its entry into cells. Magnesium B6 vitamins are available in ampoules and tablets.

The Use of vitamin B6 in cosmetology is widespread due to the fact that vitamin B6 is used to maintain hair health.

The human Body requires an increased amount of vitamin B6 in infectious diseases, lack of blood sugar, heavy physical activity and sports, admission birth control pills, physiological and psychological stress, heart disease.

Nursing and pregnant women should take at least 5 mg of vitamin a day for normal child development.

Vitamin B6 functions:

  • helps reduce swelling and inflammation in the joints;
  • lowers blood cholesterol;
  • promotes proper functioning of the nervous system. systems;
  • takes part in carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism;
  • participates in the process of proper formation of red blood cells;
  • normalizes sleep process.

Lack of vitamin B6 in the human body

With insufficient intake of vitamin b6 in the body develops leukopenia, hypochromic anemia, fatty infiltration of the liver, increases the iron content in the blood serum due to violations in the synthesis of hemoglobin, disturbed metabolism of amino acids and proteins. Seborrheic dermatitis may also occur over the eyebrows, in the nasolabial fold or around the eyes. There is an increase in excitatory processes in the cerebral cortex and degenerative changes in the human nervous system.

Low levels of vitamin B6 is accompanied by:

  • anemia;
  • functional disorders of the CNS and peripheral nervous system (polyneuritis, sleep disorders, excitability, irritability);
  • skin diseases;
  • a common weakness of;
  • diseases of visible mucous membranes;
  • chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (dysbacteriosis, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic gastritis).

Excess vitamin B6 in the human body

Excessive vitamin b6 intake is accompanied by:

  • allergic reactions in the form of urticaria;
  • numbness of limbs;
  • violation of blood circulation in the limbs;
  • tingling of legs and arms;
  • trembling limbs;
  • reduction sensitivity;
  • increased acidity of gastric juice – exacerbation of ulcers or gastritis.

Where is vitamin B6 found?

It Should be remembered that the vitamin is destroyed by sunlight. In combination with Riboflavin absorption of the substance is 4 times better.

Main sources: kidney, liver, chicken, beef, fish, egg yolk, baking and brewer's yeast. Also great content in peas, potatoes, tomatoes, corn and beans.

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