Vitamin B1: full description, application, functions, dosage, sources

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B 1 is a colorless, water-soluble crystalline substance with a yeast aroma. Due to its beneficial properties, vitamin B1 is also called the vitamin of vivacity.

All those who want to fully enjoy life, should saturate your diet foods rich in vitamin B1 or thiamine (second name). Blood carries this substance to those cells that consume the maximum amount of carbohydrates – the record is the nerve cells. Once in the desired area, vitamin B1 reacts with vitamin B4 (choline) and prevents premature decay of these molecules. This "help" is vital because, in addition to feeding the protective layer of nerve cells, choline is also a component of the nerve agent acetylcholine, which helps to preserve memory until old age, and prevents aging of one hundred billion brain cells. cells'.

Vitamin B1

The Daily rate of vitamin b1 for adults is from 1.3 to 2.6 mg. In elderly people and women during pregnancy, the need for the substance increases. Also, an indication for an increase in the norm is poisoning with nicotine, alcohol and heavy metals, hyperfunction of the thyroid gland, stress.

Vitamin B1 in injections can be prescribed to optimize the nervous system, as well as for pain relief syndromes and various pains that accompany individual diseases.

Basic functions

Thiamine is a vitamin, responsible for:

  • correct functioning of the nervous system;
  • muscle function;
  • carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism;
  • maintenance of the gastrointestinal tract, liver;
  • partial prevention of vascular and heart disease;
  • strengthening the immune system.

Thiamine Deficiency

With a reduced content of vitamin B1 in the body is noted the appearance of nervous disorders, headaches, insomnia. The process of carbohydrate metabolism is disrupted, which leads to excess fat in the body. Memory deteriorates, muscle weakness is fixed. There is a risk of developing diseases of the cardiovascular system (arterial hypotension, etc.) and the gastrointestinal tract (reduction of intestinal peristalsis). With prolonged hypovitaminosis, lesions of the nervous system occur.

As part of some enzymes thiamine takes part in the continuous breakdown of carbohydrates, which are contained in the incoming food, glucose. Glucose is the only and unique source of energy for all nerve cells. If the nerve cells do not receive the desired dose of glucose per day, they increase in size, trying to increase the area and increase contact with additional small vessels, from which the food is extracted. In such increased in size cells 60% reduced glucose absorption. In nerve cells there is a process of thinning of the protective layer – it loses its natural viscosity and consistency, that is, the desired degree of fluidity, which should have contained protein, phosphorus-containing substances and cholesterol.

How the result – "bare" nerves, because of which a person becomes aggressive, irritable and hot-tempered.

Excess thiamine

Vitamin B1 is a low-toxic substance, so overdose is rare. With a long overabundance of the substance in the body impaired liver and kidney function.

If allergic reactions occur, the drug should be discontinued.

The Use of vitamin B1 in cosmetology

Vitamin B1 in ampoules is great for hair care. Thiamine rejuvenates the scalp cells by stimulating the regeneration processes, as well as increases the elasticity of the skin. Vitamin B1, used for hair, strengthens the hair follicle, actively stimulates the growth process and improves the condition of the hair. B1 is a vitamin, the price of which is quite low, and the effect of regular use is enormous.

Main sources vitamin B1

The Substance synthesizes intestinal microflora, but in small amounts.

The highest vitamin content is found in vegetable products: cabbage, potatoes, bran, legumes, cereals, all cereals, nuts.

The Maximum content of thiamine in sources of animal origin is noted in milk, eggs, pork, veal.

See also: Compatibility of b vitamins

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