Bananas are a fruit that nature has perfectly adapted to human nutrition. They quickly satisfy hunger, as they contain easily digestible carbohydrates, three natural sugars: sucrose, fructose, glucose. As well as the necessary vitamins and minerals.
Bananas are recommended for diet. They present malic acid and enzymes that are needed for the absorption of carbohydrates.
Banana is also unique in that it is the only fruit, which can be used raw, without causing exacerbations of peptic ulcer and chronic gastritis. These fruits neutralize acid, so useful bananas and heartburn.
Useful properties of bananas
When we Eat banana, we get vitamins E and C. And at least a quarter of the daily recommended dose of vitamin B6, which regulates blood glucose levels and calms the nervous system.
One of the causes of overweight and obesity is "eating" stress sweets, chips... Eating bananas will maintain a constant level of sugar in the blood and help to avoid uncontrolled appetite, besides contraindications to the use of this fruit is not so much.
The Calorie content of bananas
The caloric Content of 1 banana depends on its weight. The average weight of 1 banana is 70-80 grams and 65-80 calories. It turns out that the caloric content of banana per 100 gr. – approximately 89 calories.
Fat in this fruit is not more than 0.5%. Vegetable protein is about 1.5%. 1.5-1.7% is fiber. 71% of this favorite fruit consists of water. The nutritional value of banana is provided by carbohydrates, which make up 21-22 total banana weight.
Caloric Content 100 gr. banana pulp will fluctuate around 96 calories. And if the weight of the purified fruit is not more than 70-80 grams., the caloric content of banana peel will be from 60 to 80 kcal.
The Calorie content of dried bananas in a few times higher, as when drying the fruit loses moisture, completely calorie-free. Banana becomes in 5 times less, not changes useful qualities. The taste changes to a more intense. But for the figure dried bananas are very dangerous, because their caloric content is close to 221 kcal per 100 grams. product's.
Bananas contain iron, so eating them will raise the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
These fruits are the Champions in potassium content, which is necessary for our heart, muscles, liver, brain, bones. One banana will provide our body with about 400 mg of potassium, which:
- helps to strengthen the heart muscle, helps to normalize cardiac activity, is useful in vascular diseases,
- helps fight high blood pressure,
- regulates water-salt metabolism, helps to eliminate excess fluid from the body, bananas are useful in diseases accompanied by edema, kidney disease,
- provides oxygen to the brain.
200 students at Twickenham school (middlesex) received bananas for Breakfast, afternoon tea and lunch during the examination session. Researches it was shown that the use of fruits rich in potassium helps students to become more attentive.
Also scientists found out that bananas promote serotonin production ("hormone joy"), high level of which makes us happy, and means, use bananas will help and under depression.
Are dried bananas Useful?
Modern food industry produces from bananas numerous kinds of new useful products'.
These include the now popular banana chips. In the manufacture of this delicious delicacy banana is subjected to heat treatment, and therefore many of the useful properties of the banana are simply lost. Many people love dried fruit, but few people know, is dried bananas. Yes, only if they are dried by a special technology, which does not provide for chemical treatment.
Than useful dried bananas? The fact is that they retain all the necessary the inherent properties of the raw bananas. In a dried banana, as in fresh, a lot of sugar, and therefore carbohydrates necessary for our body.
Whom still useful bananas?
- women before critical days,
- these fruits are popular as the first lure to children,
- bananas are good before exercise and to restore energy after them,
- thanks to excellent digestibility bananas, they are recommended in the postoperative period.
Here these fruits are mostly eaten raw, and in countries where bananas are a traditional food, they are often used as a garnish.
In Cuba, for example, the meat will be served bananas-fries. And in Venezuela, banana rice is popular: slices of fruit are fried in fat, mixed with boiled rice, sprinkled with spices.
Bananas are a healthy food, they provide we have energy and nutrients that help the gastrointestinal tract.
Read also: diet on bananas for slimming