Every year the question of a full and long life for patients with diabetes is becoming increasingly important. This is due to the fact that the number of people suffering from diabetes is growing every year, and an increasing number of young people are facing the disease people.
Diabetes is called a chronic disease characterized by a defective pancreas when it does not produce the correct amount of insulin or the body does not have the ability to use insulin produced. This leads to an increase in blood sugar levels, which entails a variety of metabolic disorders.
There are 4 types of diabetes: first, second, gestational and specific diabetes.
The Main tools that help people with this disease to live a full life are diet, exercise and sugar reducing preparations.
Why are additional vitamins so important in diabetes?
It is not so easy to Balance the diet in diabetes mellitus, because it is important to take into account several factors. In addition, the food should not cause a sharp increase in blood sugar levels, it should have a certain level of caloric content and contain a standard amount of valuable minerals and vitamins. But it is important to remember that people suffering from this disease have to reduce the amount of food due to weight loss, and the need for vitamins increases, including due to stress.
Key minerals and vitamins in diabetes
Deficiency of minerals and vitamins, which are the main participants of metabolic processes in the body, leads to a violation of homeostasis in humans. This is more related to the deficiency of b, C, E vitamins, A.
- Vitamin C
"ascorbic Acid" has a neutralizing effect on heavy radicals and stops the process of lipid peroxidation. The need for vitamin C increases significantly with sugar diabetes. The substance strengthens blood vessels, inhibits the rate of cataract formation, slows down the oxidation processes in the lens of the eye. Ascorbic acid helps to strengthen the immune system, increase the body's resistance to intoxication and oxygen starvation. Diabetes daily value of vitamin C is about 90-100 mg. doses of more than 1G daily is contraindicated.
It is Important to know, that development disease diabetes mellitus type increases already between lack of minerals and vitamins, so it is important to take them extra, especially those that have antioxidant properties. This is due to the fact that two main factors play a significant role in the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in the presence of vascular complications: a large number of free radicals formed and fat peroxidation.
- Vitamin A
Retinol, thanks to its antioxidant activity, inhibits the process of cell damage and prevents the development of complications.
- Vitamin B6
Has a beneficial effect in diabetic lesions of the human nervous system. The lack of a substance resistant impairs the function of tissues in relation to insulin.
- Vitamin V3
Vitamin PP is characterized by the ability to reduce insulin doses in patients suffering from diabetes second type.
- Vitamin B12
Takes part in the synthesis of proteins, nucleic acids. Participates in the process of cell division (in particular, hematopoietic). Lack of cyanocobalamin is manifested in the aggravation of manifestations of diabetic polyneuropathy, a later complication of diabetes.
- Vitamin B1
Reduces the amount of glucose in cells and regulates its intracellular metabolism. In view of such functions, the substance is able to stop the development of such a serious complication as retinopathy.
- Vitamin E
Tocopherol, because of its antioxidant properties, inhibits the development of complications of diabetes. The substance improves fibrinolytic activity. These vitamins for diabetics are also able to reduce the body's need for insulin.
- Vitamin H
Biotin it has a positive effect on the body in the presence of symptoms of neuropathy, as well as increases the sensitivity of tissues to insulin