After the initial stage, inevitably there comes 2 the degree of obesity, if not to join in the fight against excess weight. The human condition gradually deteriorates, shortness of breath becomes more pronounced, the heart does not work as before. In women, obesity grade 2 develops more often than in men. At this stage, you can still cope with the problem on your own, if you resolutely take care of yourself. However, not all women understand how to lose weight with obesity 2 degrees, or break down, barely lasted a week.
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Types of obesity
There Are three main types of obesity:
With alimentary obesity during physical exertion there is a pronounced shortness of breath. On the abdomen, you can distinguish the fat fold, which in appearance resembles an apron. With this obesity increases the likelihood of cardiovascular disease. diseases'.
Note! Alimentary obesity is more common in women over 50 years of age and rarely occurs at a young age.
Exogenous constitutional obesity is completely dependent on diet and genetic predisposition. That is, if there is a tendency to completeness and the menu includes a large number of high-calorie products, excess weight is provided.
Visceral type of obesity is the most dangerous because fat in this case is accumulated on the internal organs. This can cause the development of diabetes.
Note! To determine the presence of visceral obesity, it is necessary to measure the circumference of your waist. Normally, women should have this figure less than 80 cm, and men – 95 cm.
BMI in obesity 2 degrees
To determine the body mass index, use the already familiar the formula is:
BMI = Weight (kg) / Height2 (m)
The second degree of obesity is characterized by BMI 30-36.
Other values can be found in the BMI table below:
What to do in case of obesity of 2 degrees?
If the calculation results in the value included in this period (30-36), we need immediate actions. Fortunately, with pathology at this stage, you can still fight.
The First priority in obesity of the second degree is to change the diet. But to opt out completely from the foods is also wrong. Hunger strikes not only will not help, but even harm. In stressful situations, when the body receives enough nutrients, it starts to lay in reserve, slowing the process of losing weight. Therefore, it is necessary to eat fully and often, by reducing portions and replacing high-calorie foods with low-calorie ingredients.
Note! Obesity of 2 degrees, the recommended diet number 8 by Pevsner.
To maintain the correct diet should adhere to the following recommendations:
- enter in the menu a large number of products containing fiber;
- give preference to products with minimum amount of fat;
- prepare dishes from low-calorie ingredients;
- eat bread with bran or rye;
- exclude canned, spicy, fried, salty dishes, sauces, fish and meat of fatty varieties from the menu;
- if possible, completely eliminate salt from the diet, but if it is difficult, reduce it to a minimum;
- eat at regular intervals up to 6 times a day;
- for women daily calorie intake is 1,200 kcal, for men – 1,500 kcal;
- arrange periodically fasting days;
- consume small portions;
- choose sweet and sour fruits;
- exclude confectionery, sweets and other carbohydrate food or minimize its consumption.
Diet in obesity 2 degree in women – an integral part of the treatment.Approximate menu for the week
According to the diet for weight loss in obesity 2 degree approximate menu for the week is presented in table:
|Monday||Breakfast||low-fat cottage cheese, Apple|
|Second Breakfast||unsalted biscuit diet, acidic fruit juice|
|Lunch||vegetable soup, boiled fish with lettuce, compote unsweetened|
|afternoon Snack||mineral water, bread|
|Dinner||potatoes baked in uniform, tomato salad, currant compote|
|Tuesday||Breakfast||buckwheat porridge viscous, chicken egg, hard boiled, whole grain loaves, green tea|
|Second Breakfast||2 baked apples|
|Lunch||vegetarian soup, boiled chicken fillet, vegetable stew from zucchini, tomatoes, greens, compote|
|afternoon Snack||juice vegetable, bran rye|
|Dinner||low-fat cottage cheese, mashed carrots and apples, curd|
|Wednesday||Breakfast||oatmeal porridge with berries (cranberries, red currants), low-fat cottage cheese, Apple juice|
|Second Breakfast||baked apples, low-fat yogurt (1-2 %)|
|Lunch||broccoli soup, lean boiled beef with natural tomato paste, coffee weak without Sahara|
|afternoon Snack||low-fat cheese, compote|
|Dinner||sea cabbage salad, whole grain loaves, low fat kefir|
|Thursday||Breakfast||steam omelet, green tea|
|Second Breakfast||low-fat cottage cheese with cranberry sauce, compote|
|Lunch||buckwheat soup with vegetables, steamed Turkey fillet, mixed green salad|
|afternoon Snack||diet biscuits, fruit juice|
|Dinner||boiled fish, cucumber salad, tomato juice|
|Friday||Breakfast||cottage cheese casserole low-fat cottage cheese, green tea|
|Second Breakfast||baked apples, bread|
|Lunch||oatmeal slimy soup, boiled beef, radish, celery and green onion salad|
|afternoon Snack||caviar vegetable, kefir|
|Dinner||boiled shrimp, vinaigrette, compote|
|Saturday||Breakfast||cheese cakes steam, coffee natural without sugar|
|Second Breakfast||baked apples|
|Lunch||soup vegetarian, rabbit baked with vegetables, salad from sea cabbage and cabbage|
|afternoon Snack||curd, bread|
|Dinner||Rybnik, fresh tomato salad, vegetable juice|
|Sunday||Breakfast||poached eggs, rosehip tea|
|Second Breakfast||sandwich with low-fat cheese and whole-grain bread, raw Apple|
|Lunch||spinach soup, boiled chicken with lemon juice, buckwheat, stewed with carrots and onions, compote|
|afternoon Snack||low-fat cottage cheese with yogurt, lemon jelly|
|Dinner||boiled fish, Apple and carrot salad, vegetable smoothie with celery, tomato, cucumber and mineral water water|
Note! When obesity 1 degree, you can stick to the same menu for weight loss.
One of the causes of obesity is a low-activity lifestyle. The food consumed is converted into fats that accumulate in the body. As a result, not only the appearance deteriorates, but also various diseases appear. Early indication obesity 2 degree is shortness of breath, tachycardia, hypertension, swelling. To reduce weight and get rid of unpleasant symptoms, moderate exercise is recommended.
This does not mean that you need to spend time on simulators every day, exhausting your own body. It is enough to make your lifestyle more active than before: do exercises in the morning, give walking at least 2 hours a day, climb the stairs instead elevators and stuff.
Treatment of obesity of 2 degrees medicines
You should Not prescribe medicines to yourself, no matter how much you want! It is necessary to consult a doctor.
Unfortunately, with obesity of 2 degrees diet is not always effective and helps to lose weight. Sometimes no medical treatment is necessary. However, this does not mean that the pill is sure to help get rid of 20 pounds just a month. Not always medical treatment promotes the breakdown of fat deposits.
As a rule, prescribe drugs from two groups:
- boretice (Reduxine, Goldline, Lindaksa) – impact directly on the brain, contribute to the blunting hunger, reduce appetite;
- carbohydrate and fat blockers (xenical, Listate) – reduce the absorbability of fats and carbohydrates intestine.
If drug therapy in combination with a diet does not help, surgical intervention is prescribed.
herbal Medicine for obesity grade 2
Modern doctors do not trust the therapeutic effect of herbs too much, but in most cases they have nothing against the use of folk remedies in addition to the main treatment.
Obesity of 2 degrees could prove useful in the following herbs:
- marshmallow root, Angelica officinalis, flax seeds – reduce appetite;
- horsetail, knotweed, parsley root – create a diuretic effect;
- St. John's wort, cranberry leaves, chicory - activate metabolism.
In addition, reduce appetite corn silk. For therapeutic purposes, use the following recipe: 10 g of raw materials pour 250 ml of boiling water, boil for 30 minutes and leave to infuse. Take the product before meals 4 times a day day 3 tablespoons.
Fighting obesity in special clinics
When you lose weight on your own does not work, you have to seek help from certified specialists. The doctor will conduct a detailed diagnosis, the results of which will develop a suitable therapy regimen.
The clinics use the following procedures for weight loss:
- manual therapy;
- SPA programs;
- therapeutic massages and other.
Each of the above procedures is carried out under the supervision of a specialist.
What to do if treatment of obesity of 2 degrees does not bring results? The main thing is not to give up prematurely. Proper nutrition should not be a temporary measure, and become a way of life. And in combination with physical activity, it is sure to help lose weight.
People suffering with obesity of 2 degrees, recommended the following:
- find motivation for weight loss;
- lead an active lifestyle;
- abandon bad habits;
- avoid stress;
- use methods of complex therapy;
To achieve results, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of the doctor.