Bulimia – eating disorder of the person. Patients with bulimia lose control of the process of nutrition, and overeat, and then, experiencing fear for the figure, cause vomiting, take laxatives or exhaust themselves with exercise. Often bulimia nervosa manifests itself and have suffering anorexia. Today, during the cult of thinness and diets, bulimia has become a widespread disease not only among teenage girls, but among adults, women.
Symptoms of bulimia
You can Often hear women say, "I eat so much, I must have bulimia." But not always, the diagnosis itself is correct. There are other eating disorders – pathological or compulsive overeating, for example. Bulimics differ from those who simply experience an unhealthy craving for food in that they in any case seek to "correct the mistake" and get rid of the eaten food either by vomiting or by laxatives.
Directory of mental diseases highlights the following symptoms of bulimia:
- Frequent attacks of overeating;
- Complete loss of control over the process power;
- the Possibility of consuming more than 5,000 calories per meal, absorption is not matched according to the taste of the food like cookies and pickles;
- the Mechanical process of power – man can't remember what he ate, when and how;
- the Constant concern of the figure, attempts to go on a diet, misuse of physical exercise;
- the Perception of any physical activity as "punishment" for the adopted food;
- Mandatory attempts to "clean up" after eating – inducing vomiting, taking laxatives, training to exhaustion to burn calories.
Fullness or thinness cannot be considered as defining symptoms of bulimia. Bulimics, especially women, can be very thin, and have a normal or increased weight.
Bulimia involves comprehensive psychiatric treatment. Sessions are usually held individual or group psychotherapy to identify the true cause of the disease. Particularly complex cases of bulimia are treated in a hospital, while forced control over the behavior of patients is used. Bulimics eat on a schedule, under the supervision of Junior medical staff, they are never left alone to exclude the possibility of causing vomiting.
People most often resort to the following methods of treatment of bulimia:
- medication bulimia;
- a comprehensive psychiatric treatment of
The success of the treatment depends just how properly will determine the cause of an unhealthy preoccupation with figure and depending on the food. In women, the treatment of bulimia is most often detected:
- Subconscious fear of relationships with the opposite sex – the patient seeks to "disfigure" herself, so as not to fall into the field of view of men, and at the same time she does not accept her own choice and seeks to immediately "return everything back";
- Striving to control your life completely, to meet all existing ideals and standards, hypertrophied feeling responsibility;
- a shift of focus from failure in his personal life, career to follow diet and weight loss;
- Abuse of fasting and diets, and, as a consequence, depletion of the body and a protective reaction in the form of overeating.
Treatment of bulimia involves the use of antidepressants and other drugs, but not in all cases, tablets relieve cravings for food, sometimes it happens exactly the opposite. Alternative treatment methods are usually associated with visiting support groups created by the patients themselves, working on books for self-help. However, clinical psychologists do not recommend to self-medicate bulimia, due to the real harm that the disease causes to health.
Effects of bulimia
Bulimia leads to mechanical damage of the stomach, indigestion, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, gastritis, ulcers. Frequent vomiting can damage vocal cords and nasal septum. Abuse of laxatives leads to constipation. Possible bleeding due to mechanical damage to the gastrointestinal tract.
Usually with an onset of increasing weight, as more than 70% of the calories from the foods still have time to be absorbed. Bulimia can provoke obesity. In addition, it has a negative impact on the heart – causes tachycardia, high blood pressure. Treatment of bulimia by different folk remedies also it can have serious consequences. Bulimia dehydrates and thins the skin. Hair falls out, nails are layered, caries appears due to frequent contact of tooth enamel with gastric acid.
However, the worst consequences of bulimia entails to the human psyche – he loses faith in himself, sinking into severe depression and self-blame. But at the same time, the patient may look quite safe, and even successful, so the relatives do not even come up with the idea of the need to help, support. In this state, it is important to turn to professionals, without postponing treatment "for later".
Bulimia, symptoms, treatment, consequences – fitness trainer Elena Selivanova – especially for http://www.AzbukaDiet.ru/.