There is a high risk of hypothyroidism ― thyroid insufficiency-For the inhabitants of the regions far from the sea coasts. The symptoms of this disease for many years may go unnoticed, and the results of the tests indicate the normal operation of this body. This is due to the fact that it is impossible to determine a subclinical disorder by a standard test, and such are used in the diagnosis of this pathology. But with careful observation of own body symptoms can still be seen. Most common:
- feeling of constant fatigue;
- feeling cold;
- frequent constipation;
- dry skin.
Nutrition in hypothyroidism
If any family member has a history of thyroid insufficiency, then you are at risk. Especially if it is a disease a mother or father. Also, the risk of thyroid dysfunction is with severe stress, hormonal imbalance, premature menopause. And even positive test results in this case will not be a guarantee of safety. In this case, a preventive diet will help with hypothyroidism, since there are products that can fill the deficit of necessary minerals.
Diet in hypothyroidism
In disorders of the thyroid gland it is necessary to make a diet of components rich in iodine, tyrosine, selenium, proteins, b Vitamins. Hormones our body converts from proteins, therefore, daily it is necessary to eat dishes rich in protein, such as meat, fish.
- seafood ― fish, seaweed, mussels, shrimp, sea salt;
- iodized salt, it should be used daily instead of the usual;
- dry additives in the form of powders and tablets, usually prepared from algae.
For iodine-rich products, the table of contents of trace element b is as follows thus: cod liver (370 mcg), haddock (245 mcg), Saida (200 mcg), salmon (200 mcg), flounder (190 mcg), shrimp (190 mcg), etc. Iodine in hypothyroidism can be obtained from other products (apples, grapes, cherries), but the trace element content in them is minimal.
Rich in tyrosine:
- meat ― pork, beef, Turkey;
- sea fish;
- dairy products ― yogurt, milk;
- fruits ― bananas and avocado;
- legumes ― lentils and Lima beans;
- sesame and pumpkin seeds.
- dairy products;
- meat ― pork, beef, chicken;
- seafood, salmon, tuna;
- crude whole grain;
- beer yeast;
- onion and garlic;
- also useful broccoli for thyroid.
Prohibited products for thyroid
There are foods that can reduce thyroid function, which will reduce the amount of hormones. First of all, these are soy products. The thing is, soy contains isoflavones that have a hormone-like substance. Today, scientists have already proved that excessive use of it can lead to hypothyroidism. For example, isoflavone genistein blocks the activity of thyroid peroxidase ― the enzyme responsible for the oxidation of iodine ions, which reduces the production of hormones.
Soy is found in many foods: tofu, soy sauce and milk, miso, tempeh. If there is at least one person with thyroid dysfunction in the family, these products should be in the diet more than once a week.
Diet for weight loss in hypothyroidism
If you are overweight, it is better to consult a doctor about how to lose weight in hypothyroidism. In any case, the diet should be present sea fish and seafood. Only fatty fish replace lean.