Emollients for moisturizing the skin: the mechanism of action and features of application


With the onset of winter, our skin is exposed to aggressive natural factors – wind and cold. Because of this effect, there is a destruction of the lipid film and the upper layers of the epidermis, the skin begins to lose moisture. Protect the skin can help emollients – special emollients with a unique mechanism of action.

Skin Structure

The Skin consists of three main layers – epidermis, dermis and fiber. It is the outer layer – epidermis – plays a key role in its protection. The lower layer of the epidermis is rich in moisture, it affects the period of renewal of the skin and the rate of wrinkles. The outer layers contain a small amount of liquid. To protect the skin from moisture loss, a special fat layer is formed on it. It keeps the liquid in the surface and deep layers of the epidermis. When the skin is damaged, the lipid layer is destroyed, moisture becomes even less. That is why there is peeling, a feeling of tightness, and with a serious shortage of liquid – cracks.

photo Source: pxhere.com

Difference emollients from the usual cream

Emollients operate in two directions. When applied, they create a special film on the surface of the epidermis. This film protects the epidermis from adverse factors and prevents the liquid from evaporating. Emollients are applied only to wet skin. In this case, they seem to close the remaining on the surface of the epidermis after washing water. When applied to dry skin this effect will not.

In addition, part of the emollients urea, captures water molecules and transports them to the deep layers of the epidermis. The skin is moisturized "from the inside". Due to this, there is a rapid recovery of damage to the skin, reduced the rate of formation of wrinkles.

Depending on the type of emollient in its composition may include oils, vitamins, regenerating substances (panthenol and dexpanthenol). There is also a large variety of forms of emollients. For the skin of the face and hands, you can use a cream, for the body – an emulsion and an emulsion for bathing (added directly to the water during bathing in the bath), for the scalp – shampoo.

photo Source: www.pexels.com

Whom come emollients?

If you have chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis and dermatitis, your doctor may prescribe you emollients for continuous use. With dry skin, you can use cosmetics courses, for example, use them in the cold season, or one-time – with a sense of tightness of the skin. If you have oily skin type, you can also use emollients as they do not lead to clogging of the pores and the formation of acne.

THE ABC RECOMMENDS Not to be gelesky: 5 ways to eliminate sagging skin

From the whole variety of existing emollients you can choose the most suitable for you. Special line of medicines will help in the presence of skin diseases, and emollients with the addition of waste oils ideal for daily care or to help protect the skin in the cold season.

Related posts