Diet in patients with liver: what you can and can not eat in this liver disease and diet after liver surgery


Every year the number of people with liver disease increases. The culprit is malnutrition, heredity, drug therapy, various infections and other factors. Their impact leads to disruption of the functions of the authority. An important value in the treatment of liver disease is a diet that increases the effectiveness of therapy and leads to a speedy recovery.

Diet for liver

First of all, the diet when the disease involves the exclusion from the diet of fried, spicy, salty, smoked and greasy. It is important to avoid overloading the organ and hindering its work. Liver disease requires careful treatment, otherwise complications.

Note: the Diet should be made by the attending physician, taking into account the nature of the disease and the characteristics of the patient's body.

People Often ask: how many live in the last stage of cirrhosis (aka – the stage of decompensation)? What are the signs and symptoms of this disease? Is alcoholic cirrhosis treated? It is known that the 4th degree of this disease has very low chances of cure (ascites further complicate the case). Primary biliary cirrhosis is treatable. It is extremely necessary to pass clinical, biochemical blood tests and other tests.

What can be there is under diseases liver?

Today the list of products allowed for use in liver diseases has significantly expanded. Despite the limitations, the food must be adequate. The diet must include all the necessary substances and trace elements.

Baking is not recommended, but there is no prohibition on bread. However, it should be white, dried or yesterday. Allowed almost all kinds of cereals, but do not boil them too much.

Pasta can be consumed In limited quantities. All dairy products are allowed, but with a small percentage of fat content.

When choosing meat should give preference to rabbit, Turkey, chicken, beef. Low-fat fish and eggs in the form of omelets are allowed.

Diet in patients with liver: eating habits

As for vegetables, restrictions apply to those that contain a lot of fiber. Fruits can be eaten everything except pears. A small amount of honey is allowed. For refueling of dishes it is necessary to use vegetable oils. These include sunflower, olive and others.

First courses should be prepared with vegetable broth or clean water. Doctors have nothing against the fact that their patients included in the diet of some types of sweets (marshmallows, jam, jelly, marmalade.)

Special attention should be paid to the maintenance of water balance in the body. Among the useful drinks are compotes, weak tea, jelly, fresh juices.

Note: In case of liver disease, food should be steamed or served boiled or baked. You can eat raw or fermented foods.

What not to eat for liver?

The First restriction concerns smoked, spicy, fried and fatty foods. It can lead to an exacerbation of the disease. The prohibited products are as follows:

  • meat fatty varieties;
  • mushrooms;
  • broths cooked on meat;
  • fat;
  • fatty cottage cheese;
  • cheese;
  • chocolate and sweets;
  • rye bread;
  • pepper, mustard, vinegar and other seasonings;
  • sorrel, onion, garlic, radish, radish;
  • sausages, balyk and other smoked products;
  • cocoa;
  • drinks with gases;
  • coffee and strong tea;
  • nuts.

Diet in patients with liver: eating habits

By Limiting your diet, you can restore liver cells, which will lead to a faster recovery.

Diet after liver surgery

Patients who have undergone liver surgery must adhere to a special diet (№5 or №6). During the operation, the work of the intestine is stopped artificially. The first day after its completion is forbidden to eat. You can only drink still water.

Bowel start-Up is carried out on the next day after surgery, starting with dietary soups and light broths. It is necessary to exclude from the diet salt, sugar, spices, spicy food. Natural juices are prohibited.

Note: After surgery on the liver should be divided daily meals into 6 parts. It is also important to observe the diet.

Diet in patients with liver: eating habits

Doctors strongly recommend patients to reduce the consumption of carbohydrates and increase the amount of easily digestible proteins, fiber, vegetable fats, vitamins and minerals. For this approach fresh fruits and vegetables, dry bread, bran, cereal of all cereals except rice and corn.

Protein Source are dairy products, especially milk and cottage cheese with a low percentage of fat. Allowed to include in the diet of veal and chicken, fish. From dairy products it is desirable to refrain for a while.

Heavy drinking takes an important place in the postoperative period. To replenish the body with liquid, herbal teas, mineral water without gases are suitable.

Products are steamed or boiled. It is also allowed to bake them. Vegetables and fruits are better to eat in raw, without exposing them to pre-heat treatment.

Properly formulated diet will help to successfully undergo treatment and prevent complications in liver diseases.

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