Diet after myocardial infarction


Diet after myocardial infarctionIn Order for the body to be able to recover normally after a massive heart attack, a proper diet is very important. A healthy diet significantly increases the effectiveness of drug therapy. If you eat unhealthy foods, you can, on the contrary, aggravate the condition of your heart. a Heart attack is an unambiguous reason to radically reconsider your approach to nutrition and balance it in such a way as to ensure a long-term full life.

What not to eat after a heart attack

First of all, after a heart attack under the ban fall all products that contribute to the blood pressure:

  • coffee;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • alcohol.

It is also Necessary to sharply limit the amount of salt added to the food. The fact is that it also helps to increase blood pressure. Of course, do not give up on it at all, but to consume it after heart disease can be no more than 5 g per day.

In some cases doctors recommend for some time to switch to salt-free food.

Such restriction can significantly improve health and promote early rehabilitation.
For those who are not ready to give up salt, we can recommend replace the usual table salt with therapeutic and prophylactic salt. It is rich in potassium and magnesium and contains almost no sodium. At the same time, it tastes almost the same as usual.
The ban also includes products that contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Today it is believed that these belong to the TRANS fats, because scientists at Harvard University managed to prove the innocence of saturated fats to the development of cardiovascular disease. TRANS fats are artificial solid fat. They are widely used in food and confectionery products. They are involved in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of blood vessels.
A man even after a heart attack should not completely abandon the consumption of meat. This, of course, does not mean that he can eat only fat and fatty meat, but he should not sit on a vegetarian diet either. But exclude from the diet of semi-finished products, sausages, sausages, confectionery, snacks, chips and other products of this kind should be completely. In addition, it is not necessary to replace the butter, which does not harm the body, if it is consumed in reasonable quantities, cheaper analogues.
Diet after myocardial infarction

Products that should become the basis of the diet after a heart attack

First of all it is necessary to make the diet as much as possible products that reduce blood pressure. In addition, the diet of those who suffered a myocardial infarction, should contain large amounts of calcium, potassium, magnesium. These products include vegetables and fruits: bananas, watermelons, citrus fruits, apricots, dried apricots, raisins, avocado, tomatoes, melons, baked potatoes, beans, sesame, nuts, buckwheat, sprouted wheat.
In the diet in sufficient quantity must be present fatty fish, vegetable oils, especially flax. They have an excellent effect on the body, as significantly slow the development of atherosclerosis. It is important to not only the fact of eating such products, but also their sufficient dosage: it is necessary that the body receives at least 1 g of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. Then their positive effect on the body will be noticeable.
Diet after myocardial infarction

How to build nutrition in acute period

Immediately after a heart attack, food is prescribed 5-7 times a day. The portion should not exceed 200-300 g.
The menu should include the following products:

  • carrot juice with a spoon of vegetable oil, preferably linen – twice a day;
  • low-fat dairy products;
  • liquid porridge, preferably boiled and mashed;
  • vegetable broths and soups.

During this period it is best to stick to a salt-free diet. In extreme cases, replace the salt treatment and prevention.

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