Diet №4 – nutrition rules for patients with intestinal diseases


Diet #4. The food contains a small amount of carbohydrates, fats, but the daily rate of protein is preserved. All dishes are steamed, wiped, boiled. It is necessary to eat fractional, at least 6 times, in small portions.


Should not eat foods that trigger strengthening in the intestine of the process of putrefaction, fermentation:

  • milk,
  • beans,
  • plant food, containing coarse fiber,
  • smoked, fatty meats, fish,
  • spicy, spicy dishes (to avoid stimulation of bile secretion),
  • cooked on milk cocoa, coffee,
  • chilled, carbonated drinks.

With such a diet on the intestinal mucosa produced sparing chemical, mechanical effects, reduced inflammatory changes.

Because of the monotony, physiological inferiority this diet lasts no more than a week. Then, depending on the type of disease, go to the table number 5 or number 2.

Assigned to such a diet after surgery, when exacerbated by chronic disease, accompanied by profuse (profuse) diarrhea. Dyspeptic disorder is expressed, digestion is difficult, painful.

Calorie

Energy value – up to 2000 kcal

Free liquid – up to 2 liters. Table salt no more than 6 grams. Carbohydrates up to 250 gr., fats / proteins – 70/90 gr.

Recommended products:

  • wheat Crackers
  • lean Meat varieties
  • Boiled (steam) fish
  • To take porridge buckwheat, grits, rice
  • Boiled soft-boiled eggs, omelet
  • Drinks – green (black) tea, coffee, cocoa (without milk)
  • Blueberry, black currant, black cherry teas
  • Raw grated apples
  • Butter

Dietary varieties, menu

Intestinal diseases are accompanied various inflammations, so diet # 4 consists of several dedicated options.

Table # 4 a prescribed for the intestinal disease, as enhanced by the fermentation.

Approximate daily menu:

The First Breakfast may consist of rice porridge, green tea, omelet.

Second Breakfast – grated cottage cheese.

Lunch – pureed soup, fish meatballs, blueberry jelly, broth.

At noon, drink the infusion of rose hips.

Pasta with boiled veal (beef), black or green tea.

Before bedtime 1 tbsp. of yogurt.

After the end of the course go to diet № 5A, № 2.

If acute chronic diseases accompanied by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, the appointed table 4 b.

Breakfast – rice, boiled porridge; potatoes, fish, cocoa.

Then – cottage cheese mousse.

Lunch – soup of pearl (rice) cereals, buckwheat mashed porridge, cheese, fruit jelly.

Afternoon Snack – protein roll, quince compote.

Dinner – vegetable puree, curd mass, boiled tongue.

1 tbsp. kefir at night.

Through 20 days are switching on the table 4 B.

Diet No. 4 hypertension – patients with a diagnosis of "Celiac disease", in other celiac disease. Food should be saturated with protein and fat content remain unchanged. High-calorie – up to 3200 kcal.

Conclusion

The Daily dose of carbohydrates, fats is reduced, while maintaining the quantitative protein content. Due to this reduced calorie diet. During the course of treatment, the patient loses a few kg. This can be a temptation for people who are overweight.

Independent, without medical advice, the transition to such a diet is fraught with serious consequences. Disturbed the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to varying degrees of severity of the disease. Before starting a diet it is better to consult a specialist.

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