Cranberries truly can be called the most the main berry among Russian people. However, Americans and residents of Scandinavian countries also defend their rights to this plant. In early times, the Indians had a legend that told that cranberries grow supposedly in places where giants once fought, and cranberry juice means their spilled blood. Residents of the Far North in Russia also have their own legends and beliefs, so you can not accurately be called a "real home" of the berry. Thus, cranberry – international plant. It is a shrub having a small height shoots, which are small red spherical fruits.
Europe learned about cranberries, when merchants from the Scandinavian countries began to import on their merchant ships, huge barrels with berries. At that time it was believed that cranberry is an effective remedy for many diseases, including scurvy. Before the berries were going straight in the swamps, but it has always been a very laborious business, and later in the United States, Canada, as well as Poland and Belarus began to use industrial methods of collecting cranberries.
In Russia, a lot of fans of cranberries. According to the old tradition, it is necessary to worship berries – this is done in order to recognize their healing properties and thus thank for it. If earlier different Nations of the world studied the properties of berries unscientific way, now the benefits of cranberries can do a lot tell scientists and doctors.
Many species of forest and marsh berries contain huge reserves of biologically active substances. Cranberry is not far behind from its forest of "neighbors" and even in some sense superior to them. Let's look at what this berry has in its composition.
First of all, these are vitamins and there are a lot of them:
- beta-carotene (vitamin A) – 0.02 mg,
- ascorbic acid (C) – 55 mg,
- thiamine (B1) – 0.2 mg,
- Niacin (B3 or PP) – 0.2 mg,
- Riboflavin (B2) – 0.2 mg,
- pyridoxine (vitamin B6) – 0.08 mg,
- folic acid (vitamin B9) – 1 µg,
- phylloquinone (K) – 1,0 mg.
It is Also worth mentioning micro - and macro-elements:
- iodine – 5 mcg,
- potassium – 120 mg,
- sodium – 12 mg,
- magnesium – 8 mg,
- calcium – 14 mg,
- iron – 0.6 mg,
- copper – 0.4 mg,
- manganese – 0.6 mg,
- phosphorus – 11 mg.
Valuable organic cranberries are also included In the composition acids:
- amber and others
In Addition to all of the above, berries are a source of chemical compounds useful for the human body: flavonols, anthocyanins, phenolic acids, catechins, etc.). The content of pectin in cranberries: 1.1 g per 100 g of berries. Pectin destroys radioactive substances, as well as dangerous compounds of lead, cesium, etc. Many employees of enterprises specializing in hazardous industries, try to include in their diet this berry.
The caloric Content of cranberries is very low, and cultivated berries contain even fewer calories than wild. Caloric content of marsh cranberries: 35 kcal, cranberries grown on plantations: 26 kcal (per 100 g berries'.)
In Addition, frozen cranberry berries are the least caloric: they have a little more than 15 kcal per 100 g of product. However, if you want to treat yourself to cranberries with sugar, this dessert will be more high-calorie: almost 272 kcal. Dried cranberries also have a high rate: 308 kcal. More than just cranberry contains water and carbohydrates, also in the berries is ash and fiber.
Therapeutic and prophylactic properties cranberries are caused by the increased content of some substances in its juice. For example, tannin, located in the berries, successfully fights infections. According to the results of medical research, this substance has an excellent antimicrobial effect, destroying harmful microorganisms at the cellular level. Natural substances that contain cranberry juice prevent bacteria dangerous to human health from sticking to the walls of certain organs and, thus, do not allow to develop diseases.
We Also know that the cranberry enhances the effect of the use of almost all drugs. Malic and citric acids are involved in the formation of the natural composition of the microflora, as well as contribute to lowering the pH of the medium. Due to their action in the intestine, the processes of decay are reduced. Sour berry, which is popularly nicknamed the "Queen of the swamps", is used in many areas of human health due to its rich vitamin complex and numerous organic compounds. In short, cranberries have a comprehensive impact on the human body.
Cranberry Berries are known to be used by migratory birds (one of the popular names – "crane berry") – so they gain strength for flights and further existence. People over time, too, have found the use of berries in therapeutic and preventive purposes. Consider, what are the benefits of cranberry man:
- Vitamin C deficiency, vitamin deficiency.
- Under certain diseases, associated with digestion, cranberries mismanaged on cheers. Here it should be noted not only gastritis with low acidity, but also poisoning, salmonellosis, as well as constipation and poor appetite.
- Cardiovascular diseases. Berries help in the treatment of angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, are fighting antiradicals and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke's.
- Radioactive treatment, removal of heavy metals from the body.
- Use in gynecological problems and diseases of the urinary system.
- In case of poisoning, including carbon monoxide and some poisonous plants.
- Cranberry is useful for gums and teeth.
- berry Juice helps with shingles, burns, purulent wounds, psoriasis, vitiligo and baldness.
- For colds (sore throat, cough, flu), fever, chills.
Application in cosmetology
Berries can be stored for a long time. By nature, cranberries are an excellent preservative. Thanks to this quality in cosmetology have long used this berry. Most in demand creams made of cranberry juice, whitening the skin. This cream is used to remove freckles or age spots.
But you can not buy the cream and make a mask of cranberry in at home, you only need to take into account an important condition: the flesh of the berries should not come into contact with aluminum or other metal, so to create a mask, take only a wooden spoon or spatula.
For dry skin can be prepared the following nutrient solution: a couple tablespoons of mashed berries to combine with a spoon of honey and a tablespoon of olive oil. Apply the mass to the face and rinse with cold water after 10-12 minutes.
Another way to help improve the condition of aging skin: 1 egg yolk, 2 teaspoons cranberry juice and half a tablespoon of greasy sour cream. Mix everything and hold on the face for about 10 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
For oily skin, use the following recipes:
- Combine a tablespoon of rice flour with cranberry juice and apply to face for 10 minutes.
- 2 tablespoons grated cranberry mix with raw chicken egg protein, add a little flour. Apply to face and hold for 15 minutes, then rinse.
Cosmetic ice made from mineral water and cranberry juice is Also useful for oily and mixed skin types. Wipe the skin with ice preferably 2 times day.
If there are ulcers on the skin, it is worth trying to mix white toothpaste with cranberry juice and apply this mixture at night on the affected areas. Wash off in the morning.
Cranberry for weight loss
We have already told you about the good cleansing properties of cranberry berries, which lead to the removal of many harmful waste products (toxins) from the human body. But cranberries are also useful in order to lose weight. Because it gives a weak diuretic the effect without much damage to the human body and is able to maintain normal potassium content, the berries of this plant should be used if you want to throw off the extra pounds.
According to nutritionists and people who have experienced the "cranberry diet", losing weight with this berry is not so difficult. You do not need to severely limit yourself to food, it is necessary to use a low-calorie drink, which is prepared as follows: wash the cranberries, allow to dry and then squeeze out her juice. It will need to be stored in a cold place. Every morning for 7-10 days you need to dissolve 3 teaspoons of cranberry juice in clean water (ideally – mineral non-carbonated) and drink on an empty stomach, about half an hour before Breakfast.
As for food restrictions in such a diet, they are, of course, there: you can not eat fried, baked goods. According to reviews, a week with a cranberry diet can remove up to 3 kg of excess weights.
Cranberry is Not suitable for everyone, despite its healing effect – many people are allergic to this plant and, in particular, berries, so in this case you need to abandon their use.
Despite the fact that weight loss is recommended to drink cranberry juice on an empty stomach, the berries themselves can not be eaten. Usually cranberries are served at the end of the meal, for dessert as a source vitamins and valuable nutrients for the body. When you eat the berries, be sure to rinse your mouth so that the acid contained in the cranberry does not damage the enamel of the teeth.
Never drink concentrated cranberry juice! Always dilute with water, you can also add a little honey to the diluted juice.
People suffering from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer should not eat cranberries because of the high content of acid in it.
Berry is highly undesirable for small children (up to 3 years) and nursing mothers.
Cranberries under pregnancy
But pregnant women cranberry is, on the contrary, it is recommended that any pregnancy. Berries and juice help to improve the immune system, protect the body from various viruses and saturate it with vitamins. Often pregnant women the acute illness of the kidneys and bladder – in these cases, the cranberry will help.
How to take cranberry juice pregnant: need 2 times a day to drink juice (mixed with clean water) for 2 tablespoons half an hour before meals. With regular use, you can forget about cystitis. And if in addition to the drink to eat after eating a small glass of berries, you can prevent the risk of pyelonephritis and urethritis.
Flavonoids Included in berries have a beneficial effect on blood vessels. Eating cranberries, you can prevent the development of varicose veins. In addition, the fetus inside the expectant mother will be fully develop.