Cholecystectomy consists of three words "shole", "cyst" and "ectomy", which are translated as "bile", "bubble" and "removal".
The main method for the treatment of cholecystitis, despite numerous non-surgical methods, is cholecystectomy.
Surgery, which results in the removal of the gallbladder. This operation is prescribed in the advanced form of cholecystitis, when other methods, in the form of diets and ultrasound therapy, cease to produce results.
Known, in the United States annually produces more than 500 surgeries of cholecystectomy.
Types of surgery to remove the gallbladder
There are two types of surgery when removing the gallbladder, it is:
- abdominal surgery;
- laparoscopic surgery.
Operations are performed using anesthesia, in which the patient falls into sleep, not feeling no pain. Laparoscopic surgery is performed by puncturing the abdominal wall. Most often, the following technique is used, in which four punctures are performed, the length of which is: two punctures of 5 millimeters, and the other two ? ten millimeters.
For The most part, cholecystectomy does not give a negative result. Observation of patients shows that about forty percent of those operated on due to cholelithiasis after surgery feel the so-called post-cholecystectomy syndrome, which is expressed in the appearance of the same symptoms in the form of severe pain and dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi, as before surgery.Diet after gallbladder surgery
The Person will have a lifetime to follow a diet after surgery cholecystectomy. After removal of the gallbladder, there is no reservoir that accumulates bile, and bile in large quantities does not have the ability to accumulate in the bile ducts. If the bile will stagnate, it will lead to the formation of inflammation and cholelithiasis. To do this, the bile ducts must be unloaded all the time. From frequent eating bile all the time removed from the bile duct. When dieting after cholecystectomy surgery, the patient must eat at least five times a day.
Nutrition after cholecystectomy should exclude any animal fats, because the bile significantly reduces the number of enzymes capable of digesting fats.
After cholecystectomy, the diet includes steamed or stewed dishes. About fried dishes will have forget. It is necessary to develop a diet and follow it for hours, taking food at the same time, making small breaks in meals.
The List of products that are allowed to take in the diet with stagnation of bile:
- soups of vegetables, you can add the groats;
- kefir, fermented baked milk, sour cream, cottage cheese and curd casseroles, cheesecakes, it is desirable to use them in the morning or evening;
- vegetable oil;
- porridge it is necessary to introduce into the diet, will suit all cereals;
- fresh vegetables and fruits.
The List of products that should be abandoned in the diet with cholecystectomy
- exclude spices, onions, garlic, radishes, mushrooms, radishes, marinades, pickles, canned food, smoked, spicy. All this will irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract;
- fatty meat;
- cold products ? jelly, ice cream, they are spasms of the biliary tract;
- beans, peas, coarse bread and all containing coarse fiber in large quantities;
- soups of fish, meat and mushrooms.
Way of life after gallbladder removal
Dieting after cholecystectomy is a vital factor on which your future health depends.
After surgery cholecystectomy patients observed all the possible side effects:
- increased gas formation;
- digestive problems;
For diarrhea, use fastening products such as brown rice.