Carbohydrates are sugars – building blocks for all cells of our body. And also the main source of human energy.
If we compare our body with the house, the carbohydrates are the building blocks. And if the train – it's a locomotive!
Carbohydrates are divided into simple and complex.
Simple or fast carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels.
Most famous sugar:
Glucose and fructose are energy suppliers for our brain. They are found in many fruits and berries, as well as in honey. Fructose is more sweet to the taste. To achieve the required level of sweetness it requires less, so it is used in low-calorie diets.
Sucrose (ordinary sugar, cane or beet sugar) enhances groovetune. With excessive intake of sugar increases the transformation into fat of all nutrients. Also, the level of cholesterol increases and the condition of the intestinal microflora worsens.
Lactose is found only in milk. Normalizes the activity of intestinal microflora.
Complex carbohydrates – polysaccharides or slow carbohydrates.
The Most famous polysaccharides:
- Starch. It is formed from glucose.
- Glycogen. It forms the energy reserve of our body. If necessary, it can quickly fill in the body's lack of glucose. It accumulates in the muscles and liver.
- Cellulose (cellulose.) Cellulose is not digested in the human gastrointestinal tract. But the content of the optimal amount of vegetable fiber in food contributes to the normal formation of fecal masses. Cellulose clears the walls of the gastrointestinal tract from contamination.
- Pectin substances. Contained in fruits and vegetables. Used in the food industry for the preparation of jelly and marmalade.
How carbohydrates are digested.
Glucose and fructose are Easily and quickly absorbed. They are especially necessary when you need to urgently perform any task. For example, take an exam or speak at a competition. Eating fast carbohydrates will provide an influx of energy, quickly restore strength. They can be obtained from products such as honey, fruit, chocolate.
Complex carbohydrates are absorbed more slowly. They are needed in that case, if you have a long time to work with high intensity.
Since more time is required for their splitting, the energy release will be extended for the entire period of operation.
Signs of a lack of carbohydrates in the body are depression, apathy, fatigue.
Signs of excess carbohydrates in the body: hyperactivity, overweight, trembling in the body and inability to concentrate. First, from a surplus of carbs suffer nervous system.
What carbohydrates there is, to not to get fat!
As you know, carbohydrates are necessary for our body! Adhering to a carbohydrate-free diet, you can harm yourself.
To eat well and stay slim, make sure that the amount of carbohydrates does not exceed your need for them. If you lead a sedentary lifestyle, the consumption of carbohydrates will be less. Therefore, for weight loss, a balanced diet should be combined with exercise.
For those who Want to stay slim and fit, nutritionists recommend eating slowly digested carbohydrates, which are found in vegetables, legumes, potatoes, cereals and bread. These products are longer absorbed by the body and, therefore, retain a sense of satiety for a long time.
If you need to fill the energy level right now, instead of sweets and flour products, eat banana, dates or raisin.
Bon appetite and good health!