Allergy to cow's milk in infants: symptoms, detection algorithms and proper nutrition


Milk is protein, and protein is 20 varieties. However, an allergic reaction in humans can cause only three of them: lactoalbumin, lactoglobulin and casein. They can cause allergies even in an adult. And in babies during breastfeeding or artificial feeding Allergy to cow's milk protein (ABCM) is the most common type of food reaction of the immune system to the appearance of a foreign element. Also in this age has to face complete intolerance to cow's milk and all its products.

Symptoms of Allergy to milk in a child

Symptoms of Allergy in a child to cow's milk may manifest itself in completely different ways - from a slight rash on the skin to very severe digestive problems. The common symptom characteristic of such a reaction to protein does not exist. As a rule, it is a set of several features. The most common are several types of allergies to cow's milk protein in a child:
– skin rashes (urticaria, dermatitis);
– intestinal disorders (vomiting, constipation, diarrhea);
– runny nose and cough.

Allergic reaction of this kind is not included in the number of severe life-threatening diseases. And yet Allergy to cow's milk in children can cause serious problems, both for them and for their parents.

Most Often, with ABCM, recovery occurs at the end of the first year of life, and at the age of 4-5 years, children (almost 80-90%) cease to suffer from this disease. In exceptional cases, Allergy to cow's milk protein may accompany all life.

Allergy to cow's milk protein in a child at an early age.Diagnosis of Allergy to cow's milk

For the diagnosis of Allergy to milk in a child requires a thorough examination by a pediatrician, which takes place in several stages:
1. Identification of anamnestic data (bad weight gain in the baby, type of Allergy).
2. Skin Allergy test (test) and detection in the blood of the baby immunoglobulins E (specific proteins to cow milk proteins).
3. Diet. It is not only the basis for the treatment of the disease itself, but also a way to diagnose it.

Food, in the detection of ABCM the child

Most Often allergic to cow's milk protein suffer children, being on artificial feeding which were fed with the mix created on the basis of cow's milk. Very rarely this type of Allergy can appear in children who are breastfed. This can happen if the breastfeeding mother eats cow's milk. When detecting ABCM in a child, cow's milk should be completely limited in the diet of the nursing mother.

If a milk Allergy in the child was caused by infant formula for artificial feeding, it we need to replace it right away. A significant part of the infant formula is created from whole cow's milk proteins, which is why kids with ABCM they are not suitable. For their full nutrition, you need to use a mixture of amino acids or deep protein breakdown. Nutrition in the prevention of allergies in children with an increased risk of its occurrence it is possible to use a mixture of incomplete protein hydrolysis.

Know that it helps with allergies and health food. For example, mixtures, produced on the basis of soy protein. However, they are also potentially allergenic, and children up to six months, they are generally contraindicated. There are also mixtures created on the basis of goat's milk, which are also recommended by manufacturers for use in Allergy to soy proteins or cow's milk.

Initiate complementary feeding in children with ABKM only after reaching 6 months of age. Diet Allergy in a child must be strictly observed. Such highly allergenic foods like fish, cheese and eggs can be introduced into the diet only after 1 year.

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